Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments, and fluids. The muscles and tendons help to move the knee with ease, which is why an injury or damage in the muscles or tendons can cause pain, swelling, and instability. Minor injuries and damages can be treated through non-surgical treatments. However, if your knee injury is painful and is affecting your daily routine, you might need a knee arthroscopy.
Knee arthroscopy is a procedure to treat knee damage or injury. It helps to diagnose various knee issues, like misaligned patella or torn meniscus. While the surgery is safe, it still comes with risks. There have been many malpractice cases due to negligence or lack of care.
In knee arthroscopy malpractice cases, an orthopedic surgery expert witness plays a major role to determine what happened during the surgery and whether or not the surgeon was at fault.
Dr. Scott Powell is an expert orthopedic surgeon with 30+ years of practical surgery experience. He has completed over 15,000 orthopedic surgeries in his career and can provide an accurate and timely orthopedic surgeon expert witness evaluation on sports related injuries and orthopedic medical malpractice cases.
What is Knee Arthroscopy?
In this treatment, a small incision or cut is made near the injured area to insert a camera to examine the injury and correct it. Before inserting the camera, saline or salt water is pumped to help the knee expand to make it easier to investigate the root cause. Once the problem is located, small tools are used to treat it.
There are different types of knee arthroscopy:
Knee Surgery Meniscus
Meniscus repair is a surgical process that treats a torn knee cartilage using various minimal invasive techniques. The main aim of knee meniscus surgery is to restore and protect the healthy tissue.
Knee Surgery (ACL)
ACL surgery is done by creating incisions in the knee and inserting the tools to treat the problem. ACL surgery utilizes grafts for ligament replacement. Commonly used grafts are the autografts which are taken from your body, for instance hamstring tendons or patellar tendon. The quadriceps tendon situated over the kneecap is also utilized in some cases. Aside from that, allograft tissue from a deceased donor can also be used.
Knee Ligament Surgery
Correcting the torn knee ligament involves a surgery in which the ligament is replaced with a healthy tendon. This tendon is taken from the hamstring or kneecap and grafted in the appropriate place to stabilize the knee joint.
Minimally Invasive Knee Surgery
During the minimally invasive knee surgery, incisions or cuts are made. These cuts are much smaller than the ones made in a typical knee surgery. Special instruments are used for this surgery so that the surgeon can perform the procedure accurately through the small incisions.
Knee Cartilage Repair
The knee cartilage repair usually includes two surgeries. The arthroscopic surgery is performed first to retrieve a small healthy piece of cartilage from an area in the knee joint which is non-weight bearing. Once the surgery is done, a second surgery is performed after four to five weeks to implant the new cartilage cells in the affected knee.
Carticel Knee Surgery
Playing sports and performing your normal activities can result in injuries to the knee cartilage that can cause catching, clicking, locking, or swelling. Carticle is an effective treatment that utilizes the cartilages cells from your own body to treat your injury. These cells help in forming a new cartilage similar to the old one.
Problems after knee arthroscopy surgery might occur in some cases. There might be bleeding or drainage from the cuts, redness or swelling around your knee. Post-operative knee exercises help in the rehabilitation and recover after the surgery. The knee surgery recovery time vary from person to person. The average time of recovery is six months to a year before you can start playing sports or other activities.
History of Knee Arthroscopy Malpractice Cases
Due to negligence or other issues, some cases of arthroscopy surgeries have led to malpractice cases. A Knee Arthroscopy Surgery Expert Witness can play a major role in these litigations, research has shown.
Why Do You Need a Knee Arthroscopy Surgery Expert Witness?
In the event of a botched knee surgery, a medical malpractice lawyer will hire a knee arthroscopy surgery expert witness to examine the medical records of the patient. The expert witness will provide a report with their expert opinion to determine if orthopedic medical negligence has occurred.
Orthopedic expert witnesses are typically needed in malpractices cases that involve reconstruction surgery, arthroscopic surgery, sports medicine, sports injuries, and other related surgeries.
Dr. Scott Powell is an expert orthopedic surgeon with 30+ years of practical surgery experience. He has more than 15,000 orthopedic surgeries under his belt, and as an orthopedic expert witness, has reviewed 100+ orthopedic malpractice cases, taken part in 50+ depositions, and testified in 20 trials.
Knee Arthroscopy FAQs
This surgery provides multiple benefits, including reduced knee stiffness, lower blood loss, quick recovery time, short surgery time, and better results in comparison to other surgeries.
This depends on the kind of surgery the patient ha undergone. For ACL surgery, it might take anywhere between six to twelve months (or longer) for the patient to take part in sports. Running after knee arthroscopy is usually not recommended. It is essential to go through physical therapy sessions and gradually ease into sports and exercise.
Some common knee surgery complications include:
- Continuous pain in foot and calf
- Numbness in surgery area
- Nerve damage
- Allergic reaction
- Excessive bleeding
- Artery damage
- Blood cloths